Acne is the most common inflammatory condition known to the skin. While most experience the condition when they reach puberty, adult acne can develop as late as your twenties or thirties and can vary in severity.

what causes acne?

Sebaceous glands are located all over the body, therefore acne will often be visible on the face, neck, back and chest. Acne occurs when pores become clogged with oil, dead skin cells, debris and bacteria. The skin pores are openings of hair follicles which contain sebaceous glands, which produce an oily substance called sebum, acting as a skin lubricant. When the sebaceous glands are over active, the pores get clogged and a build up of bacteria causes acne to develop. Acne can be a painful condition, particularly when it’s severe. There are many reasons why people can develop acne. Some of these include hormonal imbalances, genetics, certain medications and even sweat.

 

AHA's & BHAs

Exfoliation is an essential step in the fight against blemishes. If the skin is not regularly renewed, dead skin cells can become lodged within the pores, stopping the natural flow of sebum. This blockage serves as the precursor to all all types of blemishes. AHAs and BHAs work by dissolving the ‘glue’ that binds dead skin cells to the surface of the skin. Allowing them to shed naturally.

AHAs like glycolic acid are water soluble, meaning they work predominantly on the surface of the skin to melt away dead skin cells. BHAs like salicylic acid are oil-soluble. This means they can penetrate the pore and dissolve sebum and impurities. Helping diminish existing blemishes as well as preventing new ones.

WHAT causes back acne?

Like the chest and face, the back has sebaceous glands. These produce an oily substance called sebum, acting as a skin lubricant. When the sebaceous glands are overactive and increase oil production, the pores get clogged and a build up of bacteria causes acne to develop.There are many reasons why people can develop back acne. Some of these include hormonal imbalances, genetics, certain medications and even sweat.

NOT ALL SCARS ARE PERMANENT

It is important to treat back acne as soon as possible for minimising acne scarring. For lesions that leave noticeable scars, treatments such Microneedling and Skin peels can help to reduce the appearance.

ACNE GRADING SYSTEM

GRADE 1

The mildest form of acne. It consists mostly of comedones and pustules on the nose, forehead, cheeks and chin. Salicylic acid-based products will usually clear these problems.

GRADE 2

Considered moderate acne. You will see a far greater number of comedones, papules and pustules. Occasionally, deeper inflamed lesions will also develop. If left untreated there is a high chance that it will progress to grade 3.

GRADE 3

Considered a severe form. The main difference is the amount of inflammation present. Sore, red, swollen lesions tend to take over. Papules and pustules are developed in greater numbers and nodules are generally present. This type of acne is best treated through a combination of topical and oral therapies prescribed by a dermatologist.

Grade 4

The most severe form of acne. It is often referred to as nodulocystic or cystic acne. The skin will display a whole spectrum of blemishes such as comedones, papules, pustules and nodules with the addition of deep-seated cysts. Grade 4 acne should always be treated by a dermatologist as it is difficult to control and almost always requires prescription medication.